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Nepal: Country where the blood is flowing Printable Version PRINTABLE VERSION
by Shakti, United Kingdom Aug 9, 2005
Peace & Conflict , Culture , Human Rights   Opinions
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Every day is the same, I wake up to feel a fresh day with new hopes and aspirations but as I read the morning newspaper and listen the radio a chill goes through my spine.

Today, a military Colonel was shot dead in my town. This is crazy, why this is happening in my country? My country used to be known as a very peaceful country, but the on-going internal conflict makes surviving every day a struggle. When you leave your house in the morning, there is no guarantee that you will return back home alive. My mom lives in constant fear and worry that I will not return from work. Internal wars and conflict continue to destroy my country, it is hollow within. I hope this will end in near future!

Please pray for peace!
I have picked up this expression from my colleague, Miss Roshni Rai, from Katmandu, Nepal. Nepal once thought of as the country of Mount Everest and Lord Gauttam Buddha, is now starting to be recognized as a grave violator of human rights.

This fatal nine year internal conflict between the Nepalese government and the Maoists continues to deepen. The election of 1991 won the Maoists nine seats out of the 205 and as a result the Maoists started killing police, militia and began vigorously stealing from the citizens. More than 10,000 people have lost their lives because of this "People's War”. According to the Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC), “The Maoists share the ratio by around 2 (1.05) persons a day. In total, the increase has been observed by almost 4 (3.83) persons per day.”
The temporary seize fire was broken in August 2003, when the army captured 19 people from village and killed them.

In 1990, King Birendra was forced to re-establish the parliamentary democracy in the country by public revel. In 2001, after the killings at the Narayan Hity Palace where all the Royal family of King Birendra had been murdered, the nation’s inheritance was in the hands of Gyanendra. The new King retained executive power on him, dismissing the democratically elected government and sidelining the parliamentarian parties in October 2002.

The killings, related to the Maoist’s armed conflict, after the Royal takeover by the State has increased by almost 3 (2.77) persons per day according to the Informal Sector Service Centre. The increase of killings per day before and after the Royal take-over demonstrates that more people have been killed after the period when the king retained executive power. Although the king’s actions may have come to suppress the worsening situation in the country it is clear that he could not withstand the reality of the situation. It is important for us to remember that we need to unite and work together in order to rescue our nation.

In order to see how this is not only an internal issue for Nepal we must evaluate Nepalese activities by neighboring countries India and China. It is clear that China is diplomatic and against Maoists, this is due to the fact that the Nepalese Maoist are misusing China’s great leader Mao’s name. They said, “They are misusing the name.”

India continues to play political games and there is no doubt what they actually want. The internal war of Nepal is not only of Nepalese concern; it is actually of major concern for India. As India is a neighboring country to Nepal, many refugees and Maoists have been entering India. This Rebel movement may add to the ongoing crisis between India and Pakistan. “I strongly urged the king and the Nepalese political parties to work together to face the threat to Nepal. The preservation of Nepal’s system of constitutional monarchy and multi-party democracy is crucial to meeting the Maoist challenge”, US assistant secretary for South Asia Affairs Christina B. Rocca said to them.

Although Nepal army forces against the rebellion are being used through out the country, 40% of the country has been captured by Maoists. Mobilizations of armed power are not the long-lasting solutions to this conflict. The economic condition suffers more and more as the backbone of Nepalese economy is the tourist industry. Both tourists and investors are depressed.

We need to analyze the root causes of the Maoists’ armed conflict in Nepal and start to take necessary actions. Without knowing the real causes and roots of the war we will never solve issues that reside within Nepal. It is important that we ask the following questions: why did the Maoists politicians start this difficult policy for political power? and why are the communities behind them?

The monarch King Gyanendra, through a declaration on October 4, 2002, dissolved the elected government headed by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and retained executive power of the State over him. The pro-parliament political parties; the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), the Nepali Congress, Rastriya Prajatantra Party, People’s Front Nepal, Nepal Sadbhawana Party (Ananda Devi) and Nepal Workers and Peasants’ Party have been flying the royal declaration from the very beginning. They have labeled it unconstitutional and have demanded for it to be corrected. A public meeting was held in Katmandu and phase one was declared:a weeklong peaceful agitation against the royal drive.

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