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Child Labour and Human Rights Printable Version PRINTABLE VERSION
by Jamal, India May 21, 2004
Human Rights , Labour Rights , Child & Youth Rights , Media   Opinions


It is a fact that child labour can not be set aside completely until improvement in economic condition of society at large can be ensured up to the point where child labour became unprofitable and unnecessary. Today in India we have 55 million children, working in different industries on the one hand and an equal number of unemployed adults on the other hand. According to rough estimates, the respective figures of these phenomena have been running parallel since 1947. At that time the number of child labourers was 10 million (approx0 and the number of unemployed adults was roughly equal. So it we can curb child labour we can also find solution for adult unemployment. Maximum job opportunities created every year are preferentially given to children since they are cheapest source of labour. So logically speaking it we do not eradicate child labour today, we will be responsible for perpetuating poverty and unemployment of 55 million adults of country.

But child labour can not be eliminated by focussing on one factor there are other factors also like education; universalization of primary education would undoubtedly help in reducing child labour. Government has not pressed seriously for compulsory education. The cost of making primary education universal is undoubtedly high, but cost of not having compulsory education is even higher and the highest cost is paid by children themselves. Participation of children in schools will reduce their participation in labour activities.

And finally, it is also up to the Governments political will to implement the guidelines of its own constitution as well as of International conventions on child rights, whereas International agencies should also pressurize nations to implement the conventions. Though policies of conventions are in place that could potentially reduce the incidences of child labour, but their enforcement is problem. If child labour is to be eradicated from India the government and those responsible for enforcement need to start doing their job.

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Hi ! I am a professional social worker. most of my writings and poems are reflections of my day- today work and issues. I also write poems in Hindi, which so far cannot be posted on TIG.
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