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What went wrong in Ethiopia Printable Version PRINTABLE VERSION
by Yoseph, Ethiopia Jun 7, 2006
Technology , Poverty , Human Rights   Opinions


Poverty in Ethiopia is often viewed as a linear syndrome of the lack of food, water, roads or shelter. It is increasingly becoming clear that poverty in Ethiopia is far more complex than the lack of wealth or many of these items. There is much more to it than earning a dollar a day or meeting a family's basic needs. Poverty has social, ecological, political, cultural and spiritual dimensions that seemed to be ignored. The underlying problems are often social and cultural including ignorance and lack of information on the options to take different routes than what the mainstream norm suggest.

Learning, information and communication are therefore central to the development of people, their economic, political, social, ecological and spiritual well being. Changing the capacity and attitude of people, communities and institutions to effectively manage their development is very important for progress. For example for many of us good education has proved to be effective in helping us get out of poverty. Productivity increases with access to appropriate knowledge and technology. Information services can provide a sense of hope for people by improving their knowledge levels thereby bringing the change in attitudes that are necessary for development.

Profile on the current government system of Ethiopia

Ethiopia now has a four-tier government system-federal government, regional states, zones and districts(woredas).There are nine regional states, two special city administrations (Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa),66 zones and 550 woredas and six special woredas. An extensive power is assigned to regional states that can establish their own government and democracy according to the federal government's constitution. Each region has its appex regional council where members are directly elected to represent the districts and the council has legislative and executive power to direct internal affairs of the regions. The councils implement their mandate through an executive committee and regional sectoral bureaus. Such elaborate structure of council, executive and sectoral public institutions is replicated to district(woreda)levels.

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Writer Profile

I am a young professional who has been extensively engaged in socio-economic research, sustainable development studies, project planning and management, baseline and impact assessment surveys, marketing surveys, feasibility studies, and consultancy works in Ethiopia.

I am a sociologist by education and have attended various training courses, workshops and seminars in Ethiopia on information and technology (IT), leadership skills for the fight against HIV/AIDS, refugee studies, child rights, gender and development issues.

I have worked as a consultant, a team leader, a social worker, a coordinator of many workshops and seminars, and a socio-economic researcher for national and international organizations in the fields of needs assessment, HIV/AIDS and development, refugee studies, impact assessment, market research, sustainable development strategies, poverty reduction, income generating schemes, food security, sustainable livelihood, and the monitoring and evaluation of development projects.

I am a member of many professional associations and interest groups such as the Ethiopian Society of Sociologists, Social Workers and Anthropologists (ESSSWA) and various internet-based sociological and child rights professional associations.

Currently, I work as a Child Support Unit Coordinator at the Relief Society of Tigray, Ethiopia.

I am single and enjoy touring, reading, visiting relatives and friends, playing and watching football, and participating in voluntary activities during my spare time.
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