|by farhad ali|
|Published on: Aug 16, 2003|
|HIV/AIDS is believed to be a threat to the sustainable development worldwide. Sustainable development means development with sustainability of all natural and artificial resources exploited for the cause of development. The basic consideration of conservation of these resources for the generations to come is kept in the mind while framing the policies. The human resource is thought to be the most important resource because it harvests all the resources, and it is at greater risk in the present scenario of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
The population worldwide is increasing and the resources are shrinking. The present process of development is not sustainable.
There are several indigenous technologies of specific regions across the globe. These indigenous technologies are confined to the places of origin and there is no documentation of these technologies. Since these are known to the local people only and are transferred from one generation to another generation, the spread of HIV/AIDS in these communities will be a cause of extinction of these technologies. It is reported that HIV is spreading from urban areas to rural areas and also within the specified location because of its nature of transmission. The prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) in specific areas makes people more vulnerable to HIV infection.
Once a person gets infection, he/she needs to pay special attention to their health, as HIV drains out their immunity to fight the disease and become prone to many infections. In such conditions, they would not be able to work properly and take the burden of the work.
Small ailments will become the regular visitors of their body. The person’s absence will rise at their workplace and if one is a technical person, the work will definitely suffer and the productivity would come down which is the key of survival of any industry in the present scenario of WTO.
In the case of prevalence of infection in the labor force, the production is again at risk since the replacement of the labor would not be the solution. The situation is going to be worse in developing countries where mechanization is still has a long way to go. The labor-intensive technologies are prevalent in most of the developing and underdeveloped countries of South East Asia. In these countries the production system would be worse affected. Countries like China and India, where rice is the staple food crop and grown in the major portion of the cultivated agricultural land, may face an acute shortage of labor since rice is a transplanted crop and requires hand roping. The transplanting is done by a migrant labor force who remain outside their home place. Studies reveal that such labor forces are sexually active outside their homes and have multiple sexual partners.
The prevalence of STIs make them more vulnerable to HIV infection. Increase in the reactive population would adversely affect rice production system in these countries. This will be a major concern because of the connection between malnutrition, hunger, famine and HIV/AIDS. The population dynamics and the role-play in these societies would also change as widows, grandparents, and children suddenly take on roles they are unprepared for. Various kinds of constraints would be created in the farming system such as time and energy limitations created by an HIV/AIDS provoked shortage.
HIV/AIDS created havoc could easily be imagined in the different components of the business system, when supporting areas like finance, marketing, logistics, HR, and administration, would experience frequent absence of staff and organization would have to suffer as the cost of training workers would not give the desired returns expected earlier. Again cost of medication and compensation against the death of the staff would add on the burden of the organization. Recruiting new individuals and training them would again be a constraint for the organizations under the global business recession.
An HIV/AIDS created shortage of experienced staff may change the shape of business systems. An individual may have to have double or triple specialization to meet the working requirements of the organization. This will lead to the shortage of experts in a specified field. The government expenses would have to increase on medication, awareness, hospitals, care and support of the HIV positive people and other infrastructure development. This would lead to less allocation of funds towards other developmental activities. Ironically the population would keep on growing, as the infected population does not die soon after infection. A severe resource crunch is likely to be experienced in these countries under this scenario.
So it is our responsibility as an individual and as a community, to change our life style and behavior so that we can control the spread of HIV/AIDS. We have to act now, not wait till HIV infect one of us, our friends, our community, our love ones, our colleagues or the larger community. We have to act now before this monster destroys us and we left with nothing to pass on to our future generations.