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Half Way MDGs in Indonesia Printable Version PRINTABLE VERSION
by Harmono, Indonesia Aug 3, 2007
Health   Short Stories


Half way of MDGs in Indonesia did not show significant development, some targets committed communally in MDGs declaration is almost entirely far from the expectation. On the annual report of Human Development 2006 on topic Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty, and The Global Water Crisis, posisition of Indonesia did not change, even more descent. The descent of human life quality of Indonesia has also indicated on MDGs achivement regional report of Asia Pasific by ADB-UNDP-UNESCAP. On the report, Indonesia placed on the lowest level of countries that threatened fail in achiving the targets 2015 with Banglades, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua Nugini, and Philipina.

Government of Indonesia actually has increased budget for poverty for years, in 2004 they budget out the amount of 18 million dollar Then the amount increased up to 55,5 million dollar in 2005. Poverty budget further increase to 56,6 million dollar. Yet in fact the amount of poverty increas as well.

When the declaration of MDGs decided in 2000, total of poor residents decrease into 36,1 million or approximately 16,6 percent. While in 2006 total of poor residents in Indonesia with income under 2 dollar a day attained 114,8 million people or 53,4 percent.

Which is the same with health and sanitation. In 2015 69 percent of Indonesia residents planted has owned appropriate water access and 72,5 percent of them should have obtained sufficient sanitation service. In fact, on the half way deadline of the achievement, only 18 percent of them who obtained access to fresh water sources and only 45 percent of them obtained access to sufficient sanitation.

The greatest obstacle for the government is debt burden which caused them can not fulfill people needs. Total debt stock reached 144,4 billion dollar in 2007, caused they have to allocate approximately 88,8 million dollar each year in state budget to foreign interest payment and basic instalment payment. This amount is nearly two times bigger than the budget for poverty reconstruction and three times bigger than the budget for health, in which state budget 2007 only 17 million dollar.

This debt burden must be decreased, due to the government at least must allocate 40 percent of state budget for fulfilling basic needs of people, moreover the target of MDGs can be achieved appropiately for the deadline 2015. One of the way that should taken by the government is propose debt cancellation. Therefore budget allocation for debt payment can be shifted to people needs fulfillment.



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Writer Profile

I'm Yuyun Harmono, 24 years old, Outreach Officer Anti Debt Coalition Indonesia

thx for info
dory amanda sari | Nov 8th, 2007
i agree with harmono said, i think the problem not ust about the budgeting from the goverment but also the people. i believe education is the most factor make people poor. i'm sorry to say that many indonesian people are dumb or may be stupid they dont get well education in quality and also quantity. the teacher are also poor and they ability are stuck just in it. education grow, i think they knowledge also have to grow our too. so what can goverment do to make our education more qualited

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