| The challenges to growth, peace and unity in Africa are said to be of minimal standard, due to the problems. The problems of Africa can be said to be broadly divided in two: internal aggression and external dominance. Africa is presently suffering from ignorance, poverty and bad leadership. There will be no peace as long as African youth remain ignorant, half-educated or badly educated. Any child that suffers from this mis-education syndrome will be an easy prey in the hands of an ambitious and greedy leader. He will be unemployed because he is not properly educated; he'll look for job with is ill-equipped certificate. He'll find no job but whenever conflicts break out among these greedy, selfish and ambitious leaders the unemployed African youth are the target.
Since he is already frustrated and hungry, any of these leaders could place a gun in his hands and with some food in his stomach to provide either temporary relief from hunger or an outlet for his anger and a way out of his frustrated life. An African youth is therefore conditioned to pray for and participate in conflicts based on this experience.
The growth of Pan-Africanism as an agitator was greatly enhanced in the darkest day of the colonisation due to the fact that Africans recognised that they have been dominated in their own continent. The bad treatment they received from their white rulers (colonial masters) brought about a kind of bond among Africans; the unifying principle was the shared humiliation and colonisation, by the white races. Behind it all, in Ali Mazuri's book, “African's International Relations", he continues the starting point of realization. Self realization was a big tool for the collective African continent in the struggle for liberation from the colonial warlords.
The unity, the cohesiveness and the collective voice epitomized in the days of colonisation by the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah and Julius Nyere is today gone due to poverty and poverty induced leadership. The educated and semi-educated Africans who have captured leadership in various countries in the continent have not only squandered the resources of the state and mismanage them but have also dehumanized the extend that poverty, squalor and disease pervade the whole of African continent. The leaders have lost the traditional modes of behaviour of the African race and adopted the decisive culture of the west. Nationalism has turned individualism. The wealth of Africa has been siphoned by imperialism, leaving Africa to wallow abject poverty. Poverty stricken people are too engrossed in the struggle for subsistence and survival to care much of political rights. If success is our watchword, ignorance must be eradicated. This can only be achieved through positive and not just certification. The maintenance and defence of liberty and democracy demand therefore a heightened effort to improve the standard of living through the provision of rights to education that will bring about the creation of wealth, creation of employment, social welfare services, assistance and incentives.
Poverty can hardly be eradicated in a predominantly illiterate society; one is inseparable from the other. Reducing or eradicating poverty means eradicating illiteracy first. Simple exercising of ones political rights, an illiterate finds it extremely hard to put to his advantage. The freedom enjoyed by democracy, the modern day life by its structure and setting is too complicated for an illiterate to comprehend. An illiterate person can understand and act only as concerning actions or inactions that affect him directly, but mostly are directed by the educated elite. The choice of political party in which the leader of their choice can be voted becomes the exclusive right of the educated ones, who will manipulate their own egocentric needs.
Another milestone to drive towards growth, peace and unity in Africa is a holistic approach towards eradicating poverty, which will remove hunger and therefore anger. These two things will remove Africa from the vicious circle of poverty induced bad government and bad government induced poverty. On the other hand when people are poverty-stricken, little money given to them can make them vote for bad people who will eventually make their situation worse.
Linking Black Africans with the Arabs in the North Africa will lead to positive economic ties and industrial partnership. For example Libya has done relatively well in the vanguard of New Partnership for Development (NEPAD). NEPAD'S policy, if well implemented, will bring out what I refer to has African commonwealth. When States are inter-relented in terms of economic interests, there will be fewer tendencies for them to fight. This common wealth will inspire a truly organic solidarity among African Nations, ranging from purposeful increase in mutual trade to the promotion of technical assistance, from joint educational programmes to the creation of a joint development fund.
There is nothing wrong if fresh graduates from Nigeria go to Tanzania for their one-year compulsory youth service scheme. This will not only bring about integration of African States but will also enhance cultural bond of the African youth who are the engine-room of the future.
You must be logged in to add tags.
This user has not written anything in his panorama profile yet.
You must be a TakingITGlobal member to post a comment. Sign up
for free or login