|SPLA/SPLM's crimes against humanity in Southern Sudan will not go unanswered
|| PRINTABLE VERSION
| The history of the liberation struggle in the Republic of Sudan, particularly in the Southern part, has its foundations on human rights- the desire to be free and to enjoy rights that are alienable to all mankind by Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Yet, this same liberation struggle in the south of Sudan has left an unforgettable and unforgivable history of human rights abuses in the south. This has never been accounted for by the individuals and institutions responsible.
History has made it clear that, after the signing of the 1975 Addis Ababa Peace Agreement between the Southern Rebel Movement (Anya-Anya 1) and the Khartoum Government, Khartoum dishonored the agreement it signed, and resumed violating the rights of the black African Sudanese.
The Sudanese Khartoum Government asserted control over mineral and natural resources in the south and could not allow the Southerners to manage and control them. To make matters worse, all the mineral resources from the south were used for the development of the north, while leaving south in poverty, with no social services and infrastructure. The Khartoum regime, which was dominated by the Arabs/ Muslims, banned Southerners from national political leadership and from involvement in the national decision-making process.
As a result, the former Anya-Anya 1 fighters, who were integrated into Sudan’s Armed Forces, mutinied and deserted to Ethiopia under the Leadership of Karibino Kuanyin. They were later joined by other Southerners, leading to the formation of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/ The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLA/ SPLM) in 1983 in Ethiopia. However, Col Dr. John Garang, being a communist, also joined this movement some months later, and with help of his communist comrade, Mengistu Haile Mariam of Ethiopia, was able to hijack the movement from its visionary and democratic leader. He emerged as the chairman and Commander-in-Chief of the SPLA/SPLM through bloodshed.
The statement of the late Garang was clear: the struggle was for the total liberation of the people of the south and Sudan at-large from the Khartoum regime, a regime which has its foundations on Islamic faith, and is marginalizing non-Arabs and non-Muslims tribes in the South and in Sudan at-large. This liberation struggle was meant to attain total freedom, peace and justice for the people of Sudan, and to restore joy, happiness, the respect for human rights and dignity, democracy and the rule of law. Of course, the Sudanese Government was had a history of human rights abuses and dictatorship. Thus, the SPLA/SPLM attracted great political, military, social, moral and material support from the international community, Southerners and the Sudanese at large.
Unfortunately, gross violations of individual and collective rights continued to be committed in the south, and this time not only by the so called Islamic Khartoum Government of Sudan, but also, greatly by the SPLA/SPLM. The violations of human and collective rights by SPLA/SPLM continue silently. Many remain unaware as great attention is focused on the Khartoum Government. The result is that millions of Southern Sudanese have been direct and indirect victims of these violations for the last two decades without international interventions to protect them.
The Sudan People’s Liberation Army/ The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLA/SPLM) in her guerilla movement and even now as a party of the Government of the South Sudan (GOSS), as well a ruling partner in the Government of National Unity (GONU) has violated almost all of the following:
1. The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
2. The 1965 International Convention of Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination
3. The 1965 Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
4. The 1989 Convention of Rights of the Child
5. The 1966 Convention on Political Rights, and that on Economic, Social and cultural rights.
The silent violations of human and collective Rights in the south Sudan by The Sudan People’s Liberation Army/The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLA/SPLM) in the last two decades include:
1. The exploitation of mineral and natural resources
2. Indiscriminate attacks on civilians and particularly on civilians in populated Government Controlled Areas
3. The unnecessary summary execution of people without proper jurisdiction, and the disappearance of people from the SPLA detention Centers
4. The torture and abuse of people in the harsh conditions of SPLA detention centers for a long time without due process
5. The looting, stealing and destruction of civilians’ properties
6. The rape of women and underaged girls by the SPLA Forces
7. The kidnapping and forced marriage of married/ unmarried women and young girls to members of the SPLA.
8. The killing and murdering of civilians and indirect facilitation of starvation and disease by looting civilians’ only food, displacing them from their farms and destroying their available health facilities
You must be logged in to add tags.
I am a South Sudanese, Lawyer by profession and living in South Africa. I am single man and I love writing factual stories and sharing my opinions with the world. One thing I have learnt from this world is that unless we are taught, we cannot know anything at all.
That is not all that I want to tell about myself. I would also like to say that communication is the key to the transformation and development of any society. Where there is no comunication, there is no development.
You must be a TakingITGlobal member to post a comment. Sign up
for free or login