| The afore-mentioned points are some of the causes and evidence that influences the youth to be involved in the conflict. Furthermore, there are more technical facts for analysis, as to why there exists societal violent conflict to begin with, beyond the political factors mentioned.
Major causes resulting in the turn to social conflict in nepal:
· Poverty- nearly 45% people are below the line of poverty, which mean that 45 percent people of the country live with earning less than one dolor every day. The social, political attitude towards public has made them helpless. Various districts in the hilly region of every development region have less fertile land there are not various options for employment. Due to the lack of education, the people are not so highly skilled to generate sources of income. These all cause have made them poorer and the state in not taking an significant role to reduce poverty in real sense though the state in every five years plan announces poverty alleviation programme. The poverty has highly burdened youth because their family members have depended on them as a stable economic unit. As a result, the people from the 'hilly' terrian rural regisions, and especially from mid and far west, go to India in search of employment to feed the dependent member of his/her family. Now the trends of youths have also turned towards conflict with the hope of improving their life style and to be freed from suppression.
· Lack of development- Development works in the country has not decentralised. Therefore, the hilly and mountainous regions of the country always remained dark from development aspects. They voted hundreds of politicians but they never see improvements and change in the appearance of their rural village. Their situation could be changed since long. So, this backing situation of their society reflected in conflict. Revolutionary development of the society has come out as their main issue to justify their involvement in conflict.
· Education- Millions of rupees have been spent to improve the educational quality but the investment has been like fake at all. The educational system has proved as traditional “Gurukul” education. The education is not productive and technical that could be sold in the economic market for getting job. So almost qualified youth whether flee to aboard in search of better employment or less qualified youth have gone to the gulf countries and India for low wages work. Among the rest some are living in Nepal with some works and a big volume are involved in conflicting groups. Nepalese education has not endeavoured to build up confidence to the students. The youths feel insecure while they go for higher education one-step to another.
· Employment- There are very few employment opportunities in the country due to various reasons including the lack of industrialisation. Existed agricultural system of the country is not running effectively. Similarly the natural resources like water, forests are nor properly utilising due to the lack of proper vision and working mechanism for getting maximum benefits through this. This has narrowd the area of employment market and the limited opportunities are provided only for political activists of ruling parties. This cause results the underprivileged people always back to be employed and added fuel to increase the youths’ volume in conflict. Recent figure says that nearly 85 percent youth are unemployed and semi-employed.
· Lack of participation- Youth, as are most citicens, are deprived of getting leading position in development activities; decision-making processes that affect their groups, our focus of course on youth, and have generaly been politically ignored. Their innovative ideas and visions are neglected by the society.
· Political situation: the 1990s peoples’ movement was able to restore the appearance of democracy. The people had expected so many things on that newly democratic environment but the political leaders engaged only for their personal benefit rather than public welfare. Most of the political parties ruled over during 12 years period but they could not lead the nation in favour of people. Corruption, poor governance and political instability are some of the causes to turned the youths into frustration, who was in support of political parties with lots of hope for their better future. This also encouraged them to engage in conflict as the best way to sole the entire problem of the country.
· Social Structure- The discriminatory social structure continued since long in the society. Class division, caste discrimination, suppression, feudalism and degrading identities of minorities was burning invisibly and finally that anger diverted towards violation for getting freedom from all suppressions and social tensions.
· Lack of Responsibility- Youth are never evaluated as a competent person to carry out every responsibilities. People never believe on their potential, and instead they inquire on the credibility of youth and their qualification to hold a responsible position.
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I like your articals Suman Rimal
| May 18th, 2004
I like your articals. It would be nice to print in paper media in other international magazine.
Thanks for your writing
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